Partnership Érudit-CRKN 2014-2017

This agreement transforms funds previously used for subscriptions into general financial support for the journals, which allows open access to be seen as a viable alternative to the subscription model.



To answer the needs of both communities (libraries and scholarly journals) and two main issues – non-commercial Canadian scholarly journals fragility and growing pressure onto libraries and public funding agencies – this agreement aimed the conversion of journals’ subscription fees toward a financial support for their dissemination.


Ensuring continuity between the old subscription model and the open access model, besides building on good practices, this first agreement helped journals to change their position toward open access as a sustainable solution for their development. A profitable partnership for all parties.

This agreement focused on 4 goals to answer:


1.      To increase access to content

3.      To change the journals/libraries relationship

2.      To bring the community together around a fair disseminating model

4.      To guarantee funding of scholarly publications


The funding from libraries is distributed
as follows:

is assigned to the content and its dissemination (digital publishing, dissemination and preservation of content).

90 %

is kept for services provided to libraries (harvesting of PHd and master thesis, search engine, statistic tool and participation in the governance).

10 %


Journals that were already fully open access, will now obtain financial support for their activities, even if they were not receiving subscription revenue before the partnership.


Outcomes of the Partnership

Érudit and CRKN have established a partnership based on a series of concrete actions to support scholarly journals and open access:


01.  Support for scholarly journals


- Financial support for all scholarly journals disseminated by Érudit

87 journals with a moving wall and 20 fully open access journals have received financial support from partner libraries from 2014 to 2017.


- Reducing digital
production costs

In 2015, by optimizing the production chain, Érudit was able to reduce the fees charged to journals for the creation of a digital XML version by approximately 10%.


- Establishment of a fund to support fully open access journals:


Journals published in fully open access before the agreement are now receiving support.

New open access journals have joined the collection


Journals with an embargo have switched to a fully open access model



- Socio-economic Study of Canada Scholarly Journals

Together with the Canadian Association of Learned Journals, the Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences, the Canadian Science Publishing and with the financial support of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, Érudit hired a team of independent consultants to undertake a financial study of learned journals published in both official languages. The results will provide an analysis of the journals’ economic situation and will be shared with all stakeholders in the Canadian research community. These results will inform any new economic models that are proposed to support the transition to open access.


02. Access to Content 


- Partner libraries have access to the entire corpus of 100 000 scholarly documents available on Érudit

- For all research projects, text mining and exploitation of data, researchers can freely use all data and metadata available on Érudit.

03. Support for open access


- Lowering the journals’ moving wall to 12 months on Érudit. 

The lowering of moving wall in 2016 to 12 months has been an effective response to the open access policies of Canadian and international funding agencies.

- Seminar on New Models of Knowledge Dissemination and Open Access in Canada. 

In November 2015, Érudit and CRKN organised a seminar, which brought together more than 100 stakeholders from the scholarly publication community from all Canadian provinces. To see abstracts of these lectures online:

- Strategic support for scholarly journals wanting to transition towards a fully open access model.

Since 2014, 4 journals published on the Érudit platform transitioned into fully open access publications.



A not-for-profit consortium managed by Canadian universities (Université de Montréal, Université Laval and UQAM), the Érudit platform is the largest disseminator of French-language or bilingual Canadian research results.

Activities : To support digital publishing and knowledge dissemination of the Canadian university community, maintaining access to a rich and unique corpus of data.

Mission : To promote and disseminate research and  creation.

Contact :

The Canadian Research Knowledge Network is a consortium of 75 Canadian university libraries.

Activities: Through the coordinated leadership of librarians, researchers, administrators and other stakeholders in the research community, CRKN undertakes large-scale content acquisition and licensing initiatives in order to build knowledge infrastructure and research and teaching capacity in Canada’s universities.

Mission : To expand digital content for the academic research enterprise in Canada.


Contact :

More partners to come in the next agreement.



 Partnership Extension



A Working group comprising representatives from both Érudit and CRKN, will assure the transition towards the fully open access model and will plan next terms of partnership.


Opening the partnership to other Canadian consortia, as well as to international consortia.


Cooperation with worldwide initiatives to create an exchange of ideas on the topic of open access.




Towards a model of representativeness, cooperation, openness and transparency. 


Érudit Consortium

The Érudit consortium has a governance structure (interuniversity consortium whose current associates are UdeM, ULaval and UQAM) which allows the partnership to be implemented.

The Board of Directors includes representatives of associates, academic publishers, librarians and other stakeholders in the research community, such as: researchers, journals editors and associates vice-presidents of research. 
For more information about Érudit governance, please, see:



The CRKN Board of Directors is comprised of 10 University Librarians, researchers, and senior university administrators from Canadian universities that are members of the organization.

For more information about CRKN’s governance, please see: